Knitting 101: Yarn Weights

Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. It is often measured in wraps per inch (WPI). The ply count is also an essential factor. Yarn can range from the finest to the heaviest weights. Depending on your project, certain yarn weights might be more appropriate if you want your project to have the same dimensions and appearance as your pattern. Here are some of the most common yarn weight categories.lace

Lace

Lace is one of the thinnest and lightest weight yarn that you can purchase. This is generally used for projects that are meant to be light and airy such as shawls with lace patterns, doilies, and other lace designs. Make sure that you handle it gently since it susceptible to tangling and breakage.

Fingering

Slight thicker than lace, fingering is the preferred weight for crafter who want to create fine stitches. This weight class is also most appropriate for smaller pieces such as shawls or fine children clothes.

Sport and DK

The sport weight is twice as thick as a fingering yarn. It is commonly used for small items like hats, gloves, and socks. Remember to cast on and off loosely.

Worsted

Probably one of the most popular weight for knitters from all skill levels, worsted is appropriate for creating amazing stitch definition for scarves, mittens, hats, and sweaters. Aran is slightly heavier than worsted, but both are comparable for various types of projects. Using Aran for chunky stitches can increase the warmth of the fiber.

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Bulky and Chunky

Bulky and chunky yarns are best for crafters who want to finish something quickly. Yarns of this weight can speedily create fast projects on big needles, such as blankets, throws, and scarves. The end result is a bulky and chunky material that provides great warmth and comfort. This is not recommended for those who are looking to create complex and detailed designs because of its thickness. Remember to knit loose and large stitches. Certain types of yarn that are unevenly spun (e.g. boucled, chenille, or slubby) can result in uneven knits with lower stitch definition.